Linux Fedora Install ssh



   Step by step on Linux Fedora install ssh.  The example below show the step by step install ssh on Fedora system.  the example on install ssh below tested and done on Linux Fedora 15 system... follow the step by step example below to install ssh on your Linux Fedora system and one more thing... please note that the example from command output below may vary base on your system setting and version.

Fedora check install ssh
1.  Open Linux shell terminal and execute su - command to make sure that you have enough privileges to install ssh on the system..

2.  To check ifssh server and ssh client already instyall on your system execute 'rpm -qa |grep ssh' command as on example below.

[root@serverc ~]# rpm -qa |grep ssh
libssh-0.4.8-2.fc15.i686
ksshaskpass-0.5.3-2.fc15.i686
openssh-5.6p1-34.fc15.1.i686
openssh-server-5.6p1-34.fc15.1.i686
trilead-ssh2-213-8.fc15.noarch
libssh2-1.2.7-1.fc15.i686
openssh-clients-5.6p1-34.fc15.1.i686
[root@serverc ~]#

3.  If the result from the command output show like above example... your Linux Fedora system already install with ssh server and you may follow this example to basic configure ssh server... or you may proceed with command below to install ssh on Fedora system

Fedora install ssh

4.  Execute yum command as show on example below to install ssh...
[root@serverc ~]# yum install openssh*
Loaded plugins: langpacks, presto, refresh-packagekit
Setting up Install Process
Package openssh-clients-5.6p1-34.fc15.1.i686 already installed and latest version
Package openssh-server-5.6p1-34.fc15.1.i686 already installed and latest version
Package openssh-5.6p1-34.fc15.1.i686 already installed and latest version
Resolving Dependencies



vi E37: No write since last change (add ! to override)



   When trying to quit vi, you present with vi E37: No write since last change (add ! to override) error message colored with red... What this vi error message trying to tell you that 'you have made some changes into the document... so you cannot quit just like that'...
DEVICE="em1p1"
ONBOOT="yes"
NM_CONTROLLED="yes"
TYPE=Ethernet
BOOTPROTO=none
E37: No write since last change (add ! to override)

That what vi try to tell... so we have two options... want to exit and save changes made to the document or just exit vi editor without making any changes to the document....

Vi save and exit
1.  Hit 'Esc' key twice, to exit editing mode
2.  Hold 'Shift' key and hit 'Z' key twice...

Vi exit without making any changes to the document
1.  Hit 'Esc' key twice, to exit editing mode
2.  Enter vi command mode by type in ':' and then type in 'q!' key and hit 'Enter' key to force quit vi without making any changes to the document.
DEVICE="em1p1"
ONBOOT="yes"
NM_CONTROLLED="yes"
TYPE=Ethernet
BOOTPROTO=none
:q!



Fedora automatically enable network after reboot



   Linux Fedora automatically enable network after reboot, the step by step network configuration below show how you can make sure that Linux Fedora network interface automatically enable after reboot or restart the system.

To automatically enable network you may need to manually edit network interface configuration

Automatically enable network

1.  Open terminal and, execute su - command and key in root user password to make sure that you have the privileges to edit network configuration.

2. Change working directory to /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/
[root@fedora Desktop]# cd /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/
[root@fedora network-scripts]#

3.  List contents of the directory
[root@fedora network-scripts]# ls
ifcfg-lo      ifdown-post    ifup-ipsec   ifup-tunnel
ifcfg-p1p1    ifdown-ppp     ifup-ipv6    ifup-wireless
ifcfg-p33p1   ifdown-routes  ifup-ipx     init.ipv6-global
ifdown        ifdown-sit     ifup-isdn    net.hotplug
ifdown-bnep   ifdown-tunnel  ifup-plip    network-functions
ifdown-eth    ifup           ifup-plusb   network-functions-ipv6
ifdown-ippp   ifup-aliases   ifup-post    route-p1p1
ifdown-ipsec  ifup-bnep      ifup-ppp     route-p33p1
ifdown-ipv6   ifup-eth       ifup-routes
ifdown-isdn   ifup-ippp      ifup-sit
[root@fedora network-scripts]#

4.  From the example above the network card configuration on the system is ifcfg-p1p1 and ifcfg-p33p1, execute vi command to edit this network interface card.  (Please note that network interface name may vary base on your system setting)
[root@fedora network-scripts]# vi ifcfg-p1p1
DEVICE="p1p1"
ONBOOT="no"
NM_CONTROLLED="yes"
TYPE=Ethernet
BOOTPROTO=none
IPADDR0=192.168.1.1
PREFIX0=24
DEFROUTE=yes
IPV4_FAILURE_FATAL=yes
IPV6INIT=no
NAME="System p1p1"
UUID=46e26279-f69b-daf5-1b79-d03677b7178d
GATEWAY0=172.16.162.129
DNS1=172.16.160.5
DNS2=172.16.160.10
HWADDR=00:1B:11:B4:0E:80

5.  Hit 'i' key to enter vi insert mode, and edit ONBOOT="no" to ONBOOT="yes" to enable automatically start network after reboot.
[root@fedora network-scripts]# vi ifcfg-p1p1
DEVICE="p1p1"
ONBOOT="yes"
NM_CONTROLLED="yes"
TYPE=Ethernet
BOOTPROTO=none
IPADDR0=192.168.1.1
PREFIX0=24
DEFROUTE=yes
IPV4_FAILURE_FATAL=yes
IPV6INIT=no
NAME="System p1p1"
UUID=46e26279-f69b-daf5-1b79-d03677b7178d
GATEWAY0=172.16.162.129
DNS1=172.16.160.5
DNS2=172.16.160.10
HWADDR=00:1B:11:B4:0E:80

6.  Hit 'Esc' key twice to exit vi editing mode.

7.  To save network configuration setting, hold 'Shift' key and hit 'z' key twice...



yum proxy



Yum proxy, get yum working behind proxy server on Linux Fedora system.  This step by step example showhow to get yum working.

Yum Proxy

1.  Open Linux terminal, and execute su - command on terminal...

2.  vi /etc/yum.conf to open yum configuration file


3.  hit 'i' key to enter vi insert mode

4.  type in your proxy server and port number.
[main]
proxy=http://172.16.160.119:8080
cachedir=/var/cache/yum/$basearch/$releasever
keepcache=0
debuglevel=2
logfile=/var/log/yum.log
exactarch=1
obsoletes=1
gpgcheck=1
plugins=1
installonly_limit=3

#  This is the default, if you make this bigger yum won't see if the metadata
# is newer on the remote and so you'll "gain" the bandwidth of not having to
# download the new metadata and "pay" for it by yum not having correct
# information.
#  It is esp. important, to have correct metadata, for distributions like
# Fedora which don't keep old packages around. If you don't like this checking
# interupting your command line usage, it's much better to have something
# manually check the metadata once an hour (yum-updatesd will do this).
# metadata_expire=90m

# PUT YOUR REPOS HERE OR IN separate files named file.repo
# in /etc/yum.repos.d

5.  Hit 'esc' key twice to exit vi insert mode and, press and hold 'shift' key and hit 'ZZ' key to save the configuration.

6.  now verify by executing 'yum -y update', if yum error as show on exemple below
[root@localhost ~]# yum -y update
Loaded plugins: langpacks, presto, refresh-packagekit
Error: Cannot retrieve repository metadata (repomd.xml) for repository: fedora. Please verify its path and try again
[root@localhost ~]#
 
7.  try execute 'yum clean all' to clear all yum cache and try to execute yum update again... if error again try check and verify your network connection and yum proxy configuration again...



Check linux usb disk name



How to check usb disk name.  The example below show how to check usb portable hard disk name when you insert it on Linux Fedora system.

Check linux usb disk name

1.  Insert usb disk to the system
2.  Open terminal and type in command tail -20 /var/log/messages and hit enter key as show on example below...

[root@serverc ~]# tail -20 /var/log/messages
Sep 23 15:46:44 serverc kernel: [361249.336104] usb 1-6: New USB device found, idVendor=14cd, idProduct=6116
Sep 23 15:46:44 serverc kernel: [361249.336111] usb 1-6: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=3, SerialNumber=2
Sep 23 15:46:44 serverc kernel: [361249.336116] usb 1-6: Product: USB 2.0  SATA BRIDGE  
Sep 23 15:46:44 serverc kernel: [361249.336120] usb 1-6: Manufacturer: Super Top  
Sep 23 15:46:44 serverc kernel: [361249.336124] usb 1-6: SerialNumber: M6116018VE15
Sep 23 15:46:44 serverc kernel: [361249.336724] scsi7 : usb-storage 1-6:1.0
Sep 23 15:46:44 serverc mtp-probe: checking bus 1, device 6: "/sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1d.7/usb1/1-6"
Sep 23 15:46:44 serverc mtp-probe: bus: 1, device: 6 was not an MTP device
Sep 23 15:46:45 serverc kernel: [361250.338886] scsi 7:0:0:0: Direct-Access     SAMSUNG  HM160HI               PQ: 0 ANSI: 0
Sep 23 15:46:45 serverc kernel: [361250.345328] sd 7:0:0:0: Attached scsi generic sg2 type 0
Sep 23 15:46:45 serverc kernel: [361250.345615] sd 7:0:0:0: [sdb] 312581808 512-byte logical blocks: (160 GB/149 GiB)
Sep 23 15:46:45 serverc kernel: [361250.346115] sd 7:0:0:0: [sdb] Write Protect is off
Sep 23 15:46:45 serverc kernel: [361250.346622] sd 7:0:0:0: [sdb] No Caching mode page present
Sep 23 15:46:45 serverc kernel: [361250.346628] sd 7:0:0:0: [sdb] Assuming drive cache: write through
Sep 23 15:46:45 serverc kernel: [361250.349245] sd 7:0:0:0: [sdb] No Caching mode page present
Sep 23 15:46:45 serverc kernel: [361250.349251] sd 7:0:0:0: [sdb] Assuming drive cache: write through
Sep 23 15:46:45 serverc kernel: [361250.399930]  sdb: sdb1
Sep 23 15:46:45 serverc kernel: [361250.402109] sd 7:0:0:0: [sdb] No Caching mode page present
Sep 23 15:46:45 serverc kernel: [361250.402114] sd 7:0:0:0: [sdb] Assuming drive cache: write through
Sep 23 15:46:45 serverc kernel: [361250.402117] sd 7:0:0:0: [sdb] Attached SCSI disk
[root@serverc ~]#



Fedora Linux search locate find file



   The command example below show how to search or find file on Linux system... there is many way to find file on the Linux system... but on this example we use find command and locate command to find file on our Linux Fedora 15 system.

Use find command to find file
Execute find command and the name of file that you want to search or find on the system... please note that in this example the file name is sshd.service
[root@localhost ~]# find / -name sshd.service

find: `/proc/3031/task/3031/ns/net': No such file or directory
find: `/proc/3031/task/3031/ns/uts': No such file or directory
find: `/proc/3031/task/3031/ns/ipc': No such file or directory
find: `/proc/3031/ns/net': No such file or directory
find: `/proc/3031/ns/uts': No such file or directory
find: `/proc/3031/ns/ipc': No such file or directory
find: `/proc/4496/task/4496/ns/net': No such file or directory
find: `/proc/4496/task/4496/ns/uts': No such file or directory
find: `/proc/4496/task/4496/ns/ipc': No such file or directory
find: `/proc/4496/ns/net': No such file or directory
find: `/proc/4496/ns/uts': No such file or directory
find: `/proc/4496/ns/ipc': No such file or directory
find: `/proc/4628/task/4628/ns/net': No such file or directory
find: `/proc/4628/task/4628/ns/uts': No such file or directory
find: `/proc/4628/task/4628/ns/ipc': No such file or directory
find: `/proc/4628/ns/net': No such file or directory
find: `/proc/4628/ns/uts': No such file or directory
find: `/proc/4628/ns/ipc': No such file or directory
/sys/fs/cgroup/cpu/system/sshd.service
/sys/fs/cgroup/systemd/system/sshd.service
find: `/home/jason/.gvfs': Permission denied
[root@localhost ~]# 


Find file with locate command
locate command suppose give you the result mush faster then find command because the locate command search and use database that run on cron.  the only disadvantages, locate cannot find newly created file before the locate database updated.  the command locate example below use to search for sshd file
[root@localhost ~]# locate -b '\sshd*'

/etc/pam.d/sshd
/etc/rc.d/init.d/sshd
/etc/ssh/sshd_config
/usr/lib/fipscheck/sshd.hmac
/usr/sbin/sshd
/usr/share/augeas/lenses/dist/sshd.aug
/usr/share/man/man5/sshd_config.5.gz
/usr/share/man/man8/sshd.8.gz
/usr/share/setroubleshoot/plugins/sshd_root.py
/usr/share/setroubleshoot/plugins/sshd_root.pyc
/usr/share/setroubleshoot/plugins/sshd_root.pyo
/usr/share/vim/vim73/syntax/sshdconfig.vim
/var/empty/sshd
[root@localhost ~]# 



Failed to mount NTFS is either inconsistent



   The NTFS usb partitioned hard disk unable to mount today... Failed to mount NTFS is either inconsistent, and the example below show step that i try to fix this Failed to mount NTFS is either inconsistent... but thing still on progress, but till now this are the step that i already take to resolve this corrupted NTFS disk

Mount usb disk and failed
Try mount ntfs partition on usb hard disk.. failed. recommend fix using chkdsk /f

[root@serverc ~]# mount -t ntfs /dev/sdb1 /media
ntfs_mst_post_read_fixup: magic: 0x44414142  size: 1024  usa_ofs: 21333  usa_count: 21332: Invalid argument
Record 0 has no FILE magic (0x44414142)
Failed to load $MFT: Input/output error
Failed to mount '/dev/sdb1': Input/output errorNTFS is either inconsistent, or there is a hardware fault, or it's a
SoftRAID/FakeRAID hardware. In the first case run chkdsk /f on Windows
then reboot into Windows twice. The usage of the /f parameter is very
important! If the device is a SoftRAID/FakeRAID then first activate
it and mount a different device under the /dev/mapper/ directory, (e.g.
/dev/mapper/nvidia_eahaabcc1). Please see the 'dmraid' documentation
for more details.
[root@serverc ~]#

ntfsfix
run ntfsfix tool to fix NTFS, but fail and solution point to chkdsk

[root@serverc ~]# ntfsfix /dev/sdb1
Mounting volume... ntfs_mst_post_read_fixup: magic: 0x44414142  size: 1024  usa_ofs: 21333  usa_count: 21332: Invalid argument
Record 0 has no FILE magic (0x44414142)
Failed to load $MFT: Input/output error
FAILED
Attempting to correct errors... ntfs_mst_post_read_fixup: magic: 0x44414142  size: 1024  usa_ofs: 21333  usa_count: 21332: Invalid argument
Record 0 has no FILE magic (0x44414142)
Failed to load $MFT: Input/output error
FAILED
Failed to startup volume: Input/output error
ntfs_mst_post_read_fixup: magic: 0x44414142  size: 1024  usa_ofs: 21333  usa_count: 21332: Invalid argument
Record 0 has no FILE magic (0x44414142)
Failed to load $MFT: Input/output error
Volume is corrupt. You should run chkdsk.
[root@serverc ~]# 

now to run chkdsk... need to find Windows...



Fedora 15 Install TestDisk



   Fedora 15 install TeskDisk... Today I lost my portable usb hard disk partition... then  the TestDisk utility come in mind... and deside to install TeskDisk on my Fedora 15 system... the step by step below show how to install TestDisk on Fedora 15.

Install TeskDisk

1.  Open terminal and then execute su - command to make sure that we have permission install program on our Linux Fedora 15.

2.  Execute yum install *testdisk* and answer yes (y) when ask....
[root@serverc ~]# yum install *testdisk*
Loaded plugins: langpacks, presto, refresh-packagekit
adobe-linux-i386                                         |  951 B     00:00    
google-chrome                                            |  951 B     00:00    
google-chrome/primary                                    | 1.4 kB     00:00    
rpmfusion-free-updates                                   | 2.7 kB     00:00    
rpmfusion-nonfree-updates                                | 2.7 kB     00:00    
updates/metalink                                         | 3.8 kB     00:00    
updates                                                  | 4.7 kB     00:00    
updates/primary_db                                       | 3.6 MB     00:37    
updates/group                                            | 1.9 MB     00:14    
google-chrome                                                               3/3
Setting up Install Process
Package testdisk-doc is obsoleted by testdisk, trying to install testdisk-6.12-1.fc15.i686 instead
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package testdisk.i686 0:6.12-1.fc15 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libewf.so.1 for package: testdisk-6.12-1.fc15.i686
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libewf.i686 0:20100226-3.fc15 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

================================================================================
 Package          Arch         Version                    Repository       Size
================================================================================
Installing:
 testdisk         i686         6.12-1.fc15                updates         353 k
Installing for dependencies:
 libewf           i686         20100226-3.fc15            fedora          149 k

Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install       2 Package(s)

Total download size: 501 k
Installed size: 1.7 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
Setting up and reading Presto delta metadata
updates/prestodelta                                      | 629 kB     00:06    
Processing delta metadata
Package(s) data still to download: 501 k
(1/2): libewf-20100226-3.fc15.i686.rpm                   | 149 kB     00:01    
(2/2): testdisk-6.12-1.fc15.i686.rpm                     | 353 kB     00:02    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                            88 kB/s | 501 kB     00:05    
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
  Installing : libewf-20100226-3.fc15.i686                                  1/2
  Installing : testdisk-6.12-1.fc15.i686                                    2/2

Installed:
  testdisk.i686 0:6.12-1.fc15                                                  

Dependency Installed:
  libewf.i686 0:20100226-3.fc15                                                

Complete!
[root@serverc ~]#

3.  After successfully install TeskDisk, open the TeskDisk by typein testdisk on the terminal and hit enter key... 

[root@fedora ~]# testdisk
TestDisk 6.12, Data Recovery Utility, May 2011
Christophe GRENIER
http://www.cgsecurity.org
TestDisk need 24 lines to work.
Please enlarge the terminal and restart TestDisk.
[root@fedora ~]#
TestDisk 6.12, Data Recovery Utility, May 2011
Christophe GRENIER
http://www.cgsecurity.org


TestDisk is free data recovery software designed to help recover lost
partitions and/or make non-booting disks bootable again when these symptoms
are caused by faulty software, certain types of viruses or human error.
It can also be used to repair some filesystem errors.

Information gathered during TestDisk use can be recorded for later
review. If you choose to create the text file, testdisk.log , it
will contain TestDisk options, technical information and various
outputs; including any folder/file names TestDisk was used to find and
list onscreen.

Use arrow keys to select, then press Enter key:
>[ Create ] Create a new log file
 [ Append ] Append information to log file
 [ No Log ] Don't record anything



Poweroff shutdown command Fedora 15



   Fedora 15 poweroff shutdown command... the step by step example below show how to poweroff shutdown Fedora 15 using Linux command line.The halt command that usually can be use to poweroff shutdown Linux Fedora system no longer working to poweroff Fedora 15... to poweroff shutdown the system execute one of the command poweroff/shutdown command on the example below, or follow the example on how to poweroff/shutdown on gnome graphical desktop.

poweroff
Default setting - user can poweroff using poweroff command
[jason@localhost ~]$ poweroff

halt -p
Default setting - user can poweroff using halt -p command
[jason@localhost ~]$ halt -p

init 0
Default setting - user need root password to poweroff using init 0 command
[jason@localhost ~]$ init 0
Must be root.
[jason@localhost ~]$

shutdown -P now
Default setting - user need root password to poweroff using shutdown -P command
[jason@localhost ~]$ shutdown -P now
Must be root.
[jason@localhost ~]$



Fedora 15 runlevel 3 multi-user.target



   How to change runlevel on Fedora 15.  The example below show how to change Fedora runlevel on Fedora 15 runlevel 3 multi-user.target.  The Fedora 15 use systemd so the inittab no longger been use to change default runlevel.  The command below show how to change default runlevel to multi-user.target that equivalent to runlevel 3 in older Fedora system.

Fedora 15 runlevel 3 multi-user.target:

1.  Open x terminal, execute su - command and key in root password to make sure that you have the privileges to change system runlevel.

2.  Execute ln -s /lib/systemd/system/multi-user.target /etc/systemd/system/default.target to change to multi user that same as runlevel 3.
multi user
[root@fedora ~]# ln -s /lib/systemd/system/multi-user.target /etc/systemd/system/default.target



Fedora 15 inittab



   The step by step show how to view the Fedora 15 inittab configuration file.  The inittab configuration file no logger been use on Fedora 15 because they (Fedora 15) use systemd...

Open Fedora 15 inittab:

1.  Open x terminal

2.  Typein cat /etc/inittab to view inittab using cat or typein gedit /etc/inittab to view inittab with gedit the gnome editor.
Fedora 15 inittab
[root@fedora ~]# cat /etc/inittab
# inittab is no longer used when using systemd.
#
# ADDING CONFIGURATION HERE WILL HAVE NO EFFECT ON YOUR SYSTEM.
#
# Ctrl-Alt-Delete is handled by /etc/systemd/system/ctrl-alt-del.target
#
# systemd uses 'targets' instead of runlevels. By default, there are two main targets:
#
# multi-user.target: analogous to runlevel 3
# graphical.target: analogous to runlevel 5
#
# To set a default target, run:
#
# ln -s /lib/systemd/system/<target name>.target /etc/systemd/system/default.target
#
[root@fedora ~]#



Linux Fedora Yumex



  Need simple way to install software on Fedora system... try yumex, the graphical software installer that give you the list of software on graphical mode.. The step by step below show how to install yumex on fedora system

Linux Fedora yumex:

1.  Open terminal and execute su - command.


[jason@serverc ~]$ su -
Password:
[root@serverc ~]#

2.  Execute yum install yumex command to install yumex on your Fedora system as show on example below.

[root@serverc ~]# yum install yumex
Loaded plugins: langpacks, presto, refresh-packagekit
adobe-linux-i386                                         |  951 B     00:00    
google-chrome                                            |  951 B     00:00    
google-chrome/primary                                    | 1.4 kB     00:00    
rpmfusion-free-updates                                   | 2.7 kB     00:00    
rpmfusion-nonfree-updates                                | 2.7 kB     00:00    
rpmfusion-nonfree-updates/primary_db                     |  68 kB     00:01    
updates/metalink                                         | 6.8 kB     00:00    
updates                                                  | 4.7 kB     00:00    
updates/primary_db                                       | 3.5 MB     00:39    
google-chrome                                                               3/3
Setting up Install Process
Resolving Dependencies

==============================================
 Package          Arch            Version                 Repository       Size
==============================================
Installing:
 yumex            noarch          3.0.3-1.fc15            fedora          354 k
Installing for dependencies:
 pexpect          noarch          2.3-6.fc15              fedora          141 k

Transaction Summary
==============================================
Install       2 Package(s)

Total download size: 495 k
Installed size: 2.0 M
Is this ok [y/N]:   y  <-- type in 'y' and hit 'Enter' key

3.  To start using yummex, open new terminal and typein yumex on the terminal and hit 'Enter' key

[jason@serverc ~]$ yumex &

Yumex the Yum Extender



Linux Fedora Unintended update



  The example below show Linux Fedora unintended update. The example below use yum command to update Linux Fedora system and say yes to every question that ask by yum when the update process running... so that you can take a coffee break while yum update running...

Update Fedora with Unintended update:

1.  Open terminal and execute su - command to make sure that you have privileges to install update on the system.
[jason@localhost ~]$ su -
Password:     <-- key in root password and hit Enter key
[root@localhost ~]# 

2.  Then... execute yum update command with -y as example below and hit enter key to start the unintended update...
[root@localhost ~]# yum -y update
Loaded plugins: langpacks, presto, refresh-packagekit
adobe-linux-i386                 |  951 B     00:00     
adobe-linux-i386/primary         |  12 kB     00:00     
fedora/metalink                  |  10 kB     00:00     
fedora                           | 4.2 kB     00:00     
fedora/primary_db                |  11 MB     02:29     
fedora/group                     | 1.8 MB     00:25     
google-chrome                    |  951 B     00:00     
google-chrome/primary            | 1.4 kB     00:00     
rpmfusion-free                   | 3.3 kB     00:05     
rpmfusion-free/primary_db        | 315 kB     00:27     
rpmfusion-free/group             | 9.8 kB     00:00     
rpmfusion-free-updates           | 2.7 kB     00:00     
rpmfusion-free-updates/primary_d | 196 kB     00:23     
rpmfusion-nonfree                | 3.3 kB     00:00     
rpmfusion-nonfree/primary_db     | 109 kB     00:01     
rpmfusion-nonfree/group          | 4.7 kB     00:00     
rpmfusion-nonfree-updates        | 2.7 kB     00:00     
rpmfusion-nonfree-updates/primar |  68 kB     00:08     
updates/metalink                 | 6.4 kB     00:00     
updates                          | 4.7 kB     00:00     
updates/primary_db               | 3.5 MB     00:50     
updates/group                    | 1.8 MB     00:20     
adobe-linux-i386                                  18/18
google-chrome                                       3/3
Setting up Update Process
Resolving Dependencies

3.  Done :-)... please note that this example is execute to update Fedora 15... the output of yum update may vary base on your Fedora system



Shutdown Fedora 15



How to shutdown Fedora 15... the step by step below show the most simple way to shutdown Fedora 15 from Gnome desktop..

Shutdown Fedora 15:

1.  Go to user menu, and click on the user name... (on the ringht side of your screen).. the example below show the username is jason...

2.  Click and hold Alt key until Power Off... button appear... and click on the poweroff.



3. And click power off angain or just wait 60 seconds and your Fedora system will shutdown automatically... Done :-)